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Orchids in Gauteng

 Wild Orchids of Southern Africa - Is a working group with the aim of promoting knowledge of the indigenous orchids and protecting their habitats by actively engaging with landowners, developers and Nature Conservation officials.

Although many people assume that orchids occur only in tropical areas, South Africa boasts an impressive diversity of orchids. Approximately 56 species of orchid occur within Gauteng's borders alone - some are extremely common, whereas others have only been recorded a handful of times or only once. The typical habitat of Gauteng's orchids is Bankenveld grassland - a biome that has suffered from uncontrolled development, pollution and public ignorance of its ecological importance. In terms of diversity, Bankenveld grassland is the second most diverse biome in the country after the Cape Floristic Region and as such deserves to be protected and appreciated.

 Gauteng Grassland Smaller

The orchids that occur in Gauteng are terrestrial deciduous orchids which means that they grow in a similar manner to bulbs - they are dormant during the dry, cold time of the year and only emerge from the ground when Spring arrives.

 

Species List and Flowering Months

According to distribution records for Gauteng, the following species occur in the province. The table details the typical flowering time for each species. Due to urbanisation, several of the species listed have become very rare or possibly extinct.

 
Click orchid name for more information! Additional information available stop Red list endangered orange Orange list threatened  
 
   
No.
 Species    

Flowering Months

 
 

1

Bonatea antennifera

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

2

Bonatea polypodantha

    10  11  12   
 

3

Bonatea porrecta

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

4

Bonatea saundersioides

    10  11  12   
 

5

Brachycorythis conica subsp. transvaalensis

  stop 10  11  12   
 

6

Brachycorythis ovata

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

7

Brachycorythis pubescens

    10  11  12   
 

8

Brachycorythis tenuior

    10  11  12   
 

9

Brownleea parviflora *

    10  11  12   
 

10

Corycium dracomontanum *

    10  11  12   
 

11 

Disa aconitoides

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

12 

Disa polygonoides * 

    10  11  12   
 

13 

Disa versicolor * 

    10  11  12   
 

14 

Disa woodii 

    10  11  12   
 

15 

Disperis anthoceras 

    10  11  12   
 

16 

Disperis micrantha * 

    10  11  12   
 

17 

Eulophia adenoglossa 

    10  11  12   
 

18 

Eulophia bainesii 

    10  11  12   
 

19 

Eulophia clitellifera 

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

20 

Eulophia coddii 

  stop 10  11  12   
 

21

Eulophia cooperi 

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

22 

Eulophia foliosa 

    10  11  12   
 

23 

Eulophia hereroensis 

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

24 

Eulophia hians

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

25 

Eulophia inaequalis 

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

26 

Eulophia leontoglossa 

    10  11  12   
 

27 

Eulophia milnei * 

    10  11  12   
 

28 

Eulophia nutans 

    10  11  12 
 
 

29 

Eulophia ovalis 

Click orchid name for more information!   2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11  12   
 

30

Eulophia parviflora * 

    1 10  11  12   
 

31

Eulophia speciosa * 

    10  11  12   
 

32

Eulophia streptopetala 

Click orchid name for more information!  
10  11  12   
 

33

Eulophia tuberculata 

    10  11  12   
 

34

Eulophia zeyheri 

    10  11  12   
 

35

Habenaria barbertoni

Click orchid name for more information! orange 10  11  12   
 

36

Habenaria bicolor * 

  orange 10  11  12   
 

37

Habenaria caffra 

    10  11  12   
 

38

Habenaria clavata * 

    10  11  12   
 

39

Habenaria dregeana

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

40

Habenaria epipactidea 

    10  11  12   
 

41

Habenaria filicornis 

    10  11  12   
 

42

Habenaria galpinii 

    10  11  12   
 

43

Habenaria humilior * 

    10  11  12   
 

44

Habenaria kraenzliniana 

  orange 10  11  12   
 

45

Habenaria lithophila 

    10  11  12   
 

46 

Habenaria mossii 

  stop 10  11  12   
 

47 

Habenaria nyikana 

    10  11  12   
 

48 

Habenaria pseudociliosa * 

    10  11  12   
 

49 

Habenaria schimperiana * 

    10  11  12   
 

50 

Habenaria tridens * 

    10  11  12   
 

51 

Holothrix micrantha * 

  stop 10  11  12   
 

52 

Holothrix randii

Click orchid name for more information! orange 10  11  12   
 

53

Satyrium cristatum 

Click orchid name for more information!   10  11  12   
 

54

Satyrium occelatum 

    10  11  12   
 

55

Satyrium parviflorum * 

    10  11  12   
 

56

Satyrium trinerve * 

    10  11  12   
 

57

Schizochilus zeyheri * 

      10  11  12   
                                   

* This species has in the past been recorded as present in Gauteng, but is so rare that it has not been found recently,

or could be extinct by now due mainly to the urbanisation creep.

** This species has recently been found in our area, but the official distribution information does not cover Gauteng.

               

 

 

Red list of Gauteng Endangered Orchids

Habenaria mossii (Endangered)
Holothrix micrantha (Endangered)
Brachycorythis conica subsp. transvallensis (Vulnerable)
Eulophia coddii (Vulnerable)

 

Orange list of Gauteng Threatened Orchids

Habenaria barbertoni (Near Threatened)
Habenaria bicolor (Near Threatened)
Habenaria kraenzliniana (Near Threatened)
Holothrix randii (Near Threatened)

 

SANBI Threatened Orchids

SANBI threatened Orchid list 

 

Information about Gauteng Legislation

Gauteng Legislation

 

Conservation Areas

Verloren Valei Mpumalanga – A Biodiversity Hotspot among Trout Dams?

 

Credits 

Introduction by Casper van Zyl

Flowering time information compiled by Duncan MacFarlane from the Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa & Swaziland (D. McMurtry, L. Grobler, J. Grobler, & S. Burns)

For more information regarding the preservation of South Africa's wild Orchids or if you would like to get involved please email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or complete this short form Contact Us and we will contact you.

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